The suggested itinerary around the settlement of Tende proposes the discovery of the hydraulic heritage of the 20th century. The hydro-power of the waterfalls of the upper basin of the Bieugne (tributary of the Roya) was the fulcrum of engineering strategies and works, both before and during the First World War, allowing a conspicuous hydroelectric
In the 13th century, the county of Ventimiglia was forced between the Republic of Genoa and Provence. In 1575, Tenda was finally annexed to Savoy, which began a new prosperity, linked to commercial traffic through Colle di Tenda: the village of Tenda spread rapidly outside the walls. You can discover the most beautiful heritage of
For centuries, the mule-drivers of Tenda and Limone Piemonte made a living by providing transport for people and goods along the Colle di Tenda road. Today, the yearly ceremonial festival of their association continues to be celebrated.
The old quarry has cut a pelite (rocks) vein, presenting itself in the form of a rocky ridge in a meander of Roya river bypassing it. It is surrounded by a small area and small industrial hamlet along the road.
Saint-Dalmas and Tende’s stations occupy clear and flat spaces in both towns. They are located between the tracks and vast parking areas. Visible work of art structures (not underground) run along Roya Valley, on the side of slopes or across the river and the road.
Much of the work consists of the underground galleries connecting the entrances and fortified observation and fire stations, which are integrated into the landscape to be as concealed as possible.
Each of the six forts is located on a dominant and open site, surrounded by alpine pastures, snow-covered in winter. Their position is more or less offset from the crest towards the south slope, with the exception of the large barracks of Fort Central, which is slightly shifted towards the north slope.
1. Mesches site: on a plateau of Casterino road, Mesches artificial lake is retained by a high dam in a forest landscape.
2. Saint-Dalmas powerplant: in the bottom of Roya valley, along the road and the river.
3. Paganin powerplant: in a rocky Roya gorge, along the road and the river.
The Roya side old road of Tende Col develops its laces on the steep southern slope of the ridge.
The medieval part of the village of Tende develops on both sides of a tributary valley of the Roya west – east, on a steep site.
The County of Tende was born of the dismemberment of the county of Ventimiglia from the tenth century. In 1261, the marriage of Guillaume-Pierre, count of Ventimiglia-Tende, with Eudossia Lascaris, sister of the Byzantine emperor Giovanni Lascaris, marked the birth of the Ventimiglia’s Lascaris dynasty. The Lascaris Counts developed and gained their autonomy thanks to
Initially extended along the southern slope of the rocky spur where the feudal castle was located, the village then developed on the western slope. The eastern slope, which was included within the bastions, remained occupied by an olive grove on terraces. Most of the buildings in the village date back before the 18th century. The